Madame Bovary: The history of the novel

“Objective manner” Flaubert is a realist, based on the “ability to synthesize” and the related ability “globalizacija” first and most clearly manifested in his novel “Madame Bovary”. Work on the novel was begun by the writer on September 19, 1851 and demanded 5 years of hard work and almost hermetic seclusion.

“The situation in Croissants has not changed at all. Visitors were rare, the servants trod noiselessly on the soft carpets, the gardener grew in the garden of flowers, the silence broken only by the cries of the sailors on passing ships on the river… Day and night there was a roar from the office: the owner recited his phrases and was looking for particularly expressive, adequate idea, the only rhythms.” “A bourgeois story” was born in terrible pain and almost physical suffering of its author.

Flaubert had intended to create a pointedly truthful book, as evidenced by the subtitle of the novel — “Provincial customs”. No fantasies, no imagination — an impression, according to the intention of the writer was to produce on the reader the novel. Therefore, the story of Emma Bovary externally had to be unremarkable: a boring husband, two lovers, debts, a tragic outcome. All in the highest degree “commonly”, “just” boring and banal, provincial adultery. A real modern “bourgeois plot”, vulgar as life itself to the modern Flaubert of France, but what an illusion of the truth! Writer portrays in his novel only that ” surrounds his directly.” The novel “Mrs. Bovary” takes place in his homeland, in the provincial Rouen or in its surroundings.

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There are many conflicting versions as to how the writer had the idea of the novel, its domestic sources and prototypes of heroes. However, Flaubert himself, in answering this question to one of his correspondents, wrote: “”Madame Bovary” is pure fiction. All the characters in this book are entirely fictitious, and even Ionville-Labbaye — a place non-existent, as well as Riel, etc.If I were to paint portraits, they would be less similar, as I portrayed the personality, and I wanted, on the contrary, to reproduce the types.” Typical characters of the novel-a way of “objective image” Flober world “mold color”. “My poor Bovary must be suffering and crying at the same time in twenty French villages at the same time,” Flaubert claimed.

Does not in this case, the objective principle of Flaubert’s narrative with his own statement: “Madame Bovary is me!”No, if you understand the psychology of Emma Bovary, as the psychology of bourgeoisie in General. In this sense, the psychology of the main character of the novel includes the material inventory of Flaubert.

Work on the novel was slow and difficult. Sometimes Flaubert wrote without getting up from the table, up to fifteen hours a day. Went to bed at four o’clock in the morning, and already in nine sat in the working chair. The writer as if he were fighting with the object of his image: “Damn Bovary hurts and aggravates me… Last week, I spent five days sitting on one page… Disgusting work!.. I was sick… Here’s a damned idea-to take on such a plot!..”Despising what he should write in the name of the truth of art, that is, bourgeois reality, flober, clenched his teeth, continued the work begun. And after five years of hard work, the novel was finally finished.

The appearance in print of the novel “Madame Bovary” caused quite a stir and was a major event in the history of the development of French realism. Before the astonished readers throughout the “glory” appeared provincial bourgeois life world “colors of mold”. In the autumn of 1856, when the journal version of the novel was published, a scandal broke out: “guardians of morality” accused the author of immorality and brought him to justice. Writer later recalled: “this Process has created me great advertising.” Material from the site //


Flaubert chose his heroine woman from the provincial environment, poorly educated and living not mind, and feelings. Before a writer was a difficult psychological problem. It was necessary to study motives of behavior of the heroine, to explain to the reader the reasons of her unreasonable longing, inevitability and regularity of her actions and “transformations into the strong-willed act of hardly realized investments”. In other words, to show the fullness of the tragedy of the adultery of Emma Bovary as an unconscious impulse of the heroine to freedom, it was necessary to reproduce the entire chain of causes and consequences of this fatal impulse. Flaubert wrote:”I hope that the reader will not notice all this psychological work hidden behind the form, but he will feel its result.” All this determined the genre of the novel. “Mrs. Bovary” is a realistic, socio-psychological novel. The author himself considered his novel analytical and psychological. A separate edition of the novel “Mrs. Bovary” was published in 1857.

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